With the rapid increase in the use of technology, it is apparent that the world needs more power, preferably in a form that is clean and can be renewed.
Therefore, to keep up with the constant demand of technology, battery companies are steadily researching to discover chemistries that have a reasonable price, and are denser, lighter, and more powerful.
What are Electric Vehicles?
An Electric Vehicle (EV) is a vehicle that runs on an electric motor, instead of an internal combustion engine (ICE) that induces power by using a combination of fuel and gases. As EVs run on electricity, it does not need typical liquid fuel components such as fuel or petrol, which is hazardous for the environment.
The batteries used in EVs are charged by plugging the vehicle into an electric power source. EVs can replace the current generation of automobiles due to global warming, and pollution is increasing day by day, eventually leading to the depletion of natural resources.
The concept of EV has drawn a considerable amount of interest, especially in the past decade as the issue of the increasingly harmful impact of fuel-based vehicles on the environment is being addressed. EVs are not just good for the environment but they are also good to own as they have fewer moving parts, and the owner will have to spend less on its maintenance.
How Advanced Battery Technology is being adapted for Electric Two-wheelers?
In India, the market of EV has undergone some major changes and battery technology is continuing to develop from low-density power to high-density power. With new research in advanced battery technology, lithium-nickel-cobalt-aluminum and lithium-nickel-manganese-cobalt have developed a considerable growth potential in the market of EV. Moreover, the industry is taking various measures with the main focus on developing advanced battery technology.
Many official market types of research have anticipated that battery technology is aimed to grow at 38% CAGR by the year 2025. This will lead to the availability of sufficient business opportunities for battery technology marketing in India. Due to the high energy density and increased power of advanced batteries, EVs can become a preferred choice for consumers in the upcoming years.
The battery used in EV varies which depends on the type of EV itself. Most generally there are four common types of batteries that are used in EV: lithium-ion, ultracapacitors, nickel-metal hydride, and lead-acid. The EV market is continuously researching and adapting to these battery types to make electric vehicles more suitable for consumers to opt for.
If you want to cover a short distance, then EV is the most favorable alternative for you. As EVs come at a reasonable price, and they don’t pose any threat to the environment, they should be used to go on short-distance journeys.
The cost spent in maintaining and retaining EVs is also very less as compared to internal combustion engines. You often don’t have to spend money for servicing EV and most importantly, you don’t have to spend money to fill the vehicle with petrol or fuel, whose price has almost touched the sky in the Indian market.
Moreover, a lot of players in the technology market are becoming aware of the benefits provided by EV. Hence, they are continuously researching to modify the existing EV to make it a more convenient option for the consumers and develop a new EV that would be cheaper and come with additional features.
As consumers and businesses will grow more aware of important and useful features of EVs, the internal combustion engine vehicles would probably be less chosen in the upcoming years. The ICE vehicles are likely to end up in scrapping centers, where their parts could be further used to create some environmentally friendly products.
Challenges for Electric Vehicles:
While various measures are being taken to completely bring EVs into the technology market, there are still many challenges that exist for EVs.
Firstly, the major challenge is the lack of charging infrastructure. To keep up with the growing demand for EVs, the nation requires a widespread charging infrastructure for them. Along with the lack of charging infrastructure, the lack of space that people need for charging their EVs is also a major challenge.
Also, the people who even think of buying EVs stop just before doing it by thinking if electric vehicles will be successful in making them reach their destination. The constant anxiety of running out of battery before reaching the destination is also one of the challenges that EVs developers should focus on.
It can be concluded that EVs still need more time to stick their feet in the market, but their increasing popularity and awareness will eventually make them a successful choice for consumers in the future.