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Education and Training Industry in India



India is a country with more than 1.3 billion people. It is the second most populated country in the world with a fast-growing and influential economy. With more than 50% of its population under the age of 25 (more than 500 million), and more than 65% of its population under 35, India bestows a great opportunity for the education sector.

While India features prominently in the global education system, it was also ranked 26th in the world, in the QS Higher Education System Rankings in 2018. 12 Indian institutes made it to the top 100 list as per the QS world university rankings. Thus, there is still plenty of potential for more development in the education system.

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People’s perspective in the past

In the past, India was one of the countries where education was not given much priority. The baby boomers – the generation before millennials were not much concerned about education or getting themselves educated. That is because the perspective of the people then was more concerned about outcomes than education.

However, as years went by, people in the country noticed how education plays an important role in one’s life. India has reserved education for girls in the past but has changed over the decade.

Now, we have realized that there are a lot of opportunities for students to study and enroll themselves in their favorable field conveniently. We see a greater number of students going for higher education these days with a lot more to continue in the coming times.

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Migration for Education

India had previously seen a lot of students migrating to foreign countries for higher education. But over the past few years, a lot of foreign students from the neighboring countries have migrated to India for better education.

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Growth of EdTech

With India being the second largest English-speaking nation, a lot of foreign educational products are launched in India every year. As the coronavirus pandemic spiked, the students and the teachers faced a lot of challenges but soon the world’s fastest-growing industry- educational technology (EdTech) was given much priority.

The E-learning tools hardware or software saw a spike in sales. The educational app downloads up- swung massively as compared to the month before COVID-19. Education is the basis of economic growth and collective transformation. And Ed-tech amplifies the knowledge and ability of teachers, students as well as the education system as a whole.

Software tools were developed for students’ assessment with performance trackers and many other activities. This technology was introduced to teach the students through the online medium.

Start-ups in EdTech

The pandemic brought unrivaled changes in the education sector and gave a great opportunity for start-ups to find their chance to bring a change. The Education and Training Industry also acquired more start-ups and gained Investments for the same, as compared to 2019.

EdTech start-ups are working towards more engaging products; products considering the users learning ability and bringing about a positive change by making them personalized than ever before.

Today, education is aided by technology. The Internet being affordable with strong bandwidths and the campaign called Digital India in hand has brought a massive surge in this industry.

The government aims to ensure universal access to mobile phones, to facilitate people with high-speed internet, to bring electronic delivery of services, to provide online information and knowledge accessibility easy to all citizens through this campaign.

Gloom in the Industry

At present India ranks 2nd in e-learning. India is also the world’s third-largest higher secondary education system.

Though there are a lot of positives in the industry there also is melancholy in this industry. 40% of the country’s population is still illiterate, out of them only 15% of the students go to the next level of education. But these statistics could change as the government has announced various schemes and scholarships. Various social organizations have also aimed to educate the students from the rural areas of the country and the ones under the below poverty line.

The $2.8 billion industry is expected to grow by 38% in the next few years. As start-ups bring more innovations, there are predictions to have more transformations. The education and training industry is going to boom shortly.


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Prakash Chhabra
Prakash Chhabra
Prakash Chhabra, Executive Director - Sanskriti University.

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